Alveole 14

Saint- Nazaire, France
2007
 

The harbor

The submarine base of St Nazaire, constructed by the German Navy during World War II, is directly located at the harbor of the old town. It has an enormous scale (295 m x 130 m x 18 m) with concrete walls up to 9 meters thick. This raw and impressive structure is transformed with minimal interference. Two of the 14 former submarine cells are transformed into cultural elements: Life and Vip.

The submarine base and the city

The central location in the old town made it the target of air raids from 1942 onwards, which destroyed 85% of the city.
Reconstruction of the city began in1949 further away from the harbor under the direction of the architect Noël le Meresquier. The virtually unscathed bunker remained a powerful obstacle between the city and the harbor.

Project “Ville-Port“

Since the 1990’s, the city of Saint-Nazaire has made efforts to revive the historical link between the city center and the harbor. In 1991, lighting artist Kersale illuminated the industrial harbor with his project, “Nit des Docks”. In 1994, the urban planning project “Ville-Port” was started.
Batteux, the mayor of Saint-Nazaire, declared the base as central to the future development of the city. In the first phase, under the direction of the Barcelonan architect Manuel de Solar-Morales, four cells at the center of the bunker opened up and the roof was fitted with a ramp accessible to the public.

Alveoli 14

The project consists of 4 elements:
The Life, a space for emerging art forms; the Vip, hosting contemporary music events, recording studios, and an archive; the Street, the main conduit traversing the entire Bunker, connecting the various programs and creating interaction between each of the cells; and the roof and Radom.

The Street

A ‘carpet of light’ hanging from the ceiling made of metal rods and Led´s defines the space, shaping dark volumes along this path between old and newly created spaces.
A vertical Piranesi's shaft was created to bring natural light into the tunnel and to connect the main spaces to the upper floors and roof.

The Life

The LIFE is a 90 m x 20 m x 18 m Monospace.
Occupying the bulk of the former submarine basin, it has been equipped minimalistically: corrugated metal ceiling; two scenic walkways; a retractable gate opening onto the harbor; a concrete floor mixed with quartz powder. The vertical walls have no treatment.

The VIP

The Vip is designed as a black box venue for contemporary music performances: perfect acoustic control, 600- person capacity, equipment catwalks, and recording studios.
A bar overlooks the double-height space.

The roof and the radome

The bunker is intrinsically ambivalent: it is at once a barrier and a hub. By invigorating the roof through a focal visual point and making it visually approachable, it has the potential to become one of the most important public sites of the city.
A large stairway rises through a hole in the bunker ceiling opening onto an experimental platform housing the radome: a geodetic dome construction that was previously in use as a covering for the strategic radar unit at the Berlin Tempelhof Airport from 1984 until 2003. Its aluminium frame makes up 298 triangles, each covered with a translucent membrane.

Dismantling the radome

In July 2004, the radome was lifted from its original position on top of the tower at Tempelhof Airport with the help of a 120-meter high crane. It was subsequently dismantled into its basic triangular elements.

Think tank

The radome holds a room for experimentation intended for the conception of art and music projects – a “think tank” in lightweight construction.

Project Data

Program

Transformation of the submarine base in Saint-Nazaire into cultural space

Client: Ville de Saint-Nazaire

Status: 2003-2007, Competition 1st prize: March 2003; Realization: October 2005

Location: Alvéole 14, Quartier Ville Port, Saint-Nazaire, France

Cost: 7,1 Mio €

Surface: 5.200m²

 

Team

Architects: LIN Architects Urbanists, Finn Geipel, Giulia Andi, Hans-Michael Földeak, David Lettelier (competition), Time Foerster, Marc Dujon Philip Hegnauer, Simon-Martin Schultze, Philip Rieseberg, Marie Taveau, Cécile Grelier, Annabelle Munch, Amélier Poencety, Aurelie Berhault, Thomas Kupke, Nacera Mahi; Structural engineers: Pierre-Olivier Cayla, Batiserf Ingeniere, Grénoble; Construction economy: Michel Forgue, Paris, Le Rivier d’Apprieu; Building services: Louis Choulet, Clermont-Ferrand; Scenography: Gérard Fleury, Architecture & Technique, Paris; Acoustic engineers: Yaying Xu, Paris, Bruno Suner, Altia Acoustique, Paris; On-site engineer:  Robert Richou, Océanis Ingénierie, St. Nazaire; Climatic studies: Matthias Schuler, Transsolar, Stuttgart; Theories and cultural critique:: Joseph Hanimmann, Paris; Model: Werk 5; Programation: Christoph Wavelet; Photography: Christian Richters, Jan Oliver Kunze.

Comments

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
↑ NEWER POSTS
 
 
↓ OLDER POSTS
The harbor
SNA-01-ESS-LIN-Saint-Nazaire 2000
Image 1/11 SNA-01-ESS-LIN-Saint-Nazaire 2000
The submarine base and the city
 SNA-02-ESS-LIN-Saint-Nazaire 1945
Image 2/11 SNA-02-ESS-LIN-Saint-Nazaire 1945
Project “Ville-Port“
 SNA-03-ESS-LIN-Planmasse
Image 3/11 SNA-03-ESS-LIN-Planmasse
Alveoli 14
SNA-04-ESS-LIN-Bunker 1944 and 2007
Image 4/11 SNA-04-ESS-LIN-Bunker 1944 and 2007
The Street
 SNA-05-ESS-LIN-Night view of the Bunker, photo: Jan Oliver Kunze
Image 5/11 SNA-05-ESS-LIN-Night view of the Bunker, photo: Jan Oliver Kunze
SNA-06-ESS-LIN-Internal street during inauguration, photo: Jan Oliver Kunze
Image 6/11 SNA-06-ESS-LIN-Internal street during inauguration, photo: Jan Oliver Kunze
The Life
 SNA-07-ESS-LIN-Center for emerging art forms Life, photo: Christian Richters
Image 7/11 SNA-07-ESS-LIN-Center for emerging art forms Life, photo: Christian Richters
The VIP
SNA-08-ESS-LIN-Musiques actuelles - VIP, photo: Christian Richters
Image 8/11 SNA-08-ESS-LIN-Musiques actuelles - VIP, photo: Christian Richters
The roof and the radome
 SNA-09-ESS-LIN-The roof, illustration: Adrian König
Image 9/11 SNA-09-ESS-LIN-The roof, illustration: Adrian König
Dismantling the radome
SNA-10-ESS-LIN-Tempelhof 07 2004
Image 10/11 SNA-10-ESS-LIN-Tempelhof 07 2004
Think tank
SNA-11-ESS-LIN-The radome 05 2007 view of the roof, photo: Jan Oliver Kunze
Image 11/11 SNA-11-ESS-LIN-The radome 05 2007 view of the roof, photo: Jan Oliver Kunze
bild
bild
 
 
Category Ref. Title Year City Country Type Status
Architecture BGW Bremer Punkt Bremer Punkt 2017 Bremen Germany Housing Realized + 1102
Architecture SCD Cite du design Cite du design 2009 Saint Etienne France Culture Realized + 1104
Architecture PAQ Housing Building, Quai Henri IV Housing Building, Quai Henri IV 2015 Paris France Housing Realized + 1040
Architecture SNA Alveole 14 Alveole 14 2007 Saint- Nazaire France Culture Realized + 735
Urban PAM Grand Paris Métropole Douce Grand Paris Métropole Douce 2008 Paris France Urban Design Study + 656
Architecture BT2 Typenhochhaus Typenhochhaus 2017 Berlin Germany Housing Competition first prize + 194
Architecture SWF Sevran mixed use and housing building Sevran mixed use and housing building 2014 Sevran France Housing under construction + 309
Architecture PRC Mixed use and housing building Mixed use and housing building 2014 Paris France Housing under construction + 375
Architecture N6N Halle 6 Halle 6 2015 Nantes France Culture competition, 1st prize + 428
Design PAR Permanent Exhibition Space Permanent Exhibition Space 2003 Paris France Exhibition Realized + 507
Architecture TAC Achillion coastal platform Achillion coastal platform 1997 Thesaaloniki Greece Mobility Competition + 554
Architecture NAC Nîmes Arena Nîmes Arena 1989 Nîmes France Culture Realized + 954
Architecture AMF Metafort Multimedia Research Centre Metafort Multimedia Research Centre 1998 Aubervillers France Culture Competition + 522
Architecture LEC National School of Art National School of Art 1994 LIimoges France Education Realised + 569
Architecture OKH Oldenburg House Oldenburg House 2003 Oldenburg Germany Residential Realized + 584
Urban ATLAS Atlas Actif des Vallees Stephanoises Atlas Actif des Vallees Stephanoises 2008 Saint Etienne France Research Complete + 558
Art BSY Synchron Synchron 2005 Berlin Germany Space sculpture Realized + 544
Architecture POL Office building in Paris Office building in Paris 2012 Paris France Office Building Realized + 600
Urban KSB Strasbourg - Kehl, Cour des Douanes - Zollhofareal Strasbourg - Kehl, Cour des Douanes - Zollhofareal 2013 Strasbourg / Kehl France / Germany Urban Design Competition First Prize + 517
Architecture BIN LIN office space LIN office space 2012 Berlin Germany Office Realized + 626
Urbanism AMP Aix-en-Provence - Marseille Aix-en-Provence - Marseille 2015 Aix, Marsille, Provence France urban urban study + 366
Design D+-0 Density +- 0 Density +- 0 2004 Paris France Exhibition Realized + 649
Urbanism STA Urban study for the development of Sevran Urban study for the development of Sevran 2015 Sevran France urban study ongoing + 317